Chocolate us a food that is popular all over the world. it is made from the seeds of the cacao tree. it can be eated and also used a flavour in ice cream. candy and other foods, many people like the taste of chocolate and those who work hard eat it to give them energy
History of chocolate. chocolate originally came from mexico and central america. historical think that the Maya took the wild cacao trees the rain forest and planted them in their own gardens. the crushed the seed mixed them with water and species to make a hot drink.
chocolate and cacao were very important for the Mayan culture. families drank a hot chocolate drink at special occasions and at parties.
The Aztecs, a people who lived centuries later. used cacao beans as a from of money. they traded other valuable goods to get them because they didn't grow there. only the rich people had the money to buy cacao and drink hot chocolate
in the 16th century Spanish explorers brought cacao back to Europe, where the drink became popular Quickly, especially among kings, queens and noblemen. other European power began to plant cacao trees in their own colonies.
During the industrial revolution new technologies were able to make the production of cacao cheaper, so that poorer people could also afford it, in the 19th century the beans were pressed together with butter and mixed with sugar into a new from , chocolate.
Today the biggest chocolate Producing countries are the united states, great Britain, Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands and France
cacao trees grow in the tropical regions of south america, Africa and Asia. the biggest cacao bean producers are the ivory coast, Ghana, Indonesia and Brazil. the cacao tree can grow to a height of 7 meters. after about 5 years the cacao trees produce large fruits is ripe it can contain 20 to 40 seeds.
After the cacao seeds are harvested they are transported to factories, where they are cleaned and fried, the outer parts of the seeds are removed.
workers then roast the beans to give them a certain flavour. the seeds of the cacao beans have a lot of fat in them, they are Grinded and mixed together with butter to from cacao butter.
A dry powder can be made by pressing fat and water out of the cacao butter. this powder is used for backing and also mixed with hot milk to drink.
chocolate bars are made by putting sugar and milk into the cacao butter, this paste is then put into different kinds of moulds.
chocolate making is a big business. more than five billion dollars worth of cacao beans are sold every year. america, for example, eat five kilograms of chocolate every year.
Value of chocolate, chocolate has a lot of calories but it also has carbohydrates, fats, and other vitamins and minerals. it can give you a lot of energy that you need to do sports or hard work
scientists have found out that eating chocolate reduces blood pressure and the risk of heart disease and cancer
There are also negative effects of chocolate. it can make you addicted and lead to obesity. chocolate in large amounts lead to tooth decay